Monday, May 25, 2020

The Problem And Its Impact On Teen Pregnancy - 3184 Words

THE PROBLEM AND ITS IMPACT Teen Pregnancy in the United States Teen pregnancy in the United States has been an ongoing issue for well over 50 years. The United States ranks first amongst developed countries in teen pregnancy rates (See Table 2). Approximately 750,000 teenage girls between ages 15 and19 will become pregnant every year (Do, 2014). Statistics show that of the teen population that will become pregnant annually, only a small percentage complete their high school education, much less fulfill a college degree. In fact, about 38% of teenage mothers who have a child before the age of 18 will obtain a high school diploma (The National Campaign, 2014). In addition, less than 2% of young mothers (those who had a child before age 18) will obtain a college degree by age 30 (Why it Matters, 2012). Contributing Factors of Teen Pregnancies There are various factors that contribute to increased teenage pregnancies in the United States such factors include: race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status. However, low socioeconomic status corresponding with single marital status is determined to be a frequent risk factor for teenage pregnancy. Teenage pregnancy has also been correlated with increased poverty rates for young mothers; this is especially true for single mothers. Studies have determined that un-wed-single teenage mothers are more likely than their childless peers to be impoverished during their lifetime. Overall, population studies have estimated thatShow MoreRelatedTeen Pregnancy1426 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Teen pregnancy is often unplanned and challenging for the future life of mother and child. The increase risk of health problems for both mother and baby occur during teen pregnancy. Teen pregnancy impacts adolescent development in all aspects: physical, emotional, cognitive, and social development. Negative consequences result from teen pregnancy include: low income, increased school dropout rates, lower educational levels, and increased rates of substance abuse (Garwood, Gerassi, ReidRead MoreTeen Pregnancy973 Words   |  4 PagesTeen Pregnancy Speech Teen pregnancy rates sky rocket every year. 560,000 teenage girls give birth each year. One sixth of all United States births are to teenage girls. Teen pregnancy rates are soaring and many teenage girls are impacted negatively because they are unable to fulfill the many responsibilities such as education and financial needs. Something needs to be done to decrease the teen pregnancy rates. None of you will argue that teen pregnancy rates aren’t high. And all agree somethingRead MoreThe Sociological Viewpoint Toward Social Problems Essay1077 Words   |  5 PagesThe sociological approach toward social problems differs from other approaches in that the sociological approach includes a focus on self-consciousness and building awareness that an individual’s interaction with society can oftentimes be influenced by forces outside of the single individual’s control or area of power. The author of one of our texts, Anna Leon-Guerrero, who is a Professor of Sociology at Pacific Lutheran University, writes that â€Å"Unlike any other discipline, sociology provides usRead MoreTeen Pregnancy is a Growing Problem in the United States1084 Words   |  4 PagesAmong many of the preventable diseases and health problems there is one in particular that is rooted deep within my hometown. I am a part of the graduating class of 2013 from Seaside high school, locat ed in a tourist town on the northern Oregon coast, where according to the United States Census Bureau the median income as of 2012 was $24,201 (table 1).I remember in high school there was always a girl I knew who was pregnant, but it was not until recently when I noticed so many of my classmates andRead MoreReality Shows : Helping Or Hurting Teenage Girls?1370 Words   |  6 Pages  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  While teenage pregnancy has been on the rise in America since the 1950’s, researchers have been trying to look for an ideal solution that will help solve the problem by declining teenage birth rates. Perhaps there is a potential solution after all. What could this solution possibly be? Well, it might be as simple as the reality shows â€Å"16 and Pregnant† and â€Å"Teen Mom† on the MTV network. Ever since airing in 2009, the shows â€Å"16 and Pregnant† and â€Å"Teen Mom† have made a positive impact on teenage girlsRead More Teen Pregnancy Essay1121 Words   |  5 Pages5/6 11/20/2017 Teen Pregnancy The fearless of all parents who have teenagers is pregnancy. Nowadays, teen pregnancy is a serious problem. Teenage have a lack of skills to handle a pregnancy. So that impact strongly on the future of a young woman. Teen pregnancy is associated with negative consequences for adolescents for three reasons: lack of education, medical complication, uncertainty about the future, and financial difficulties. First, the main causes of teenage pregnancy are the lack of educationRead MoreEffects Of Teenage Society Essay740 Words   |  3 Pagesyears our teen society has made drastic changes. The teen society has made many positive attributes in the past years. Recently there have been a couple of problems surfacing into the world. These issues has caused the teen society to deteriorate slowly. I believe that teen pregnancy is a leading cause to many negative things. Being a teen parent is a significant factor that affects almost everyone close to them. In some cases this could be a positive situation but in most cases it’s not. Teen parentsRead More Views on Teens Pregnancies Through the Years Essay844 Words   |  4 PagesThe Views on Teens Pregnancies Through the Years There are many different attributes to teenage pregnancy. The majority of teenagers do not realize the consequences of their actions. Taking that into consideration the influences of the teens are highly important during the pre teen stage all the way to adult hood. During the time of this impressionable stage many of the teens are having sex not because of love, but because it is a trend. The media is glamorizing teen pregnancy and leading to a culturalRead MoreTeen Pregnancy And Public Perception1498 Words   |  6 PagesThe purpose of this chapter is to provide a literature review of teen pregnancy and public perception. The chapter will begin by examining the decrease of teen pregnancy in America. It will transition to understanding the emotional effects on teen mothers and depict how a pregnant teen’s life could be altered. It will conclude by discussing how the topic of teen pregnancy has caused the President of the United States to take a closer look. This chapter will end with a summary of my research findingsRead MoreThe Effects Of Mtv s 16 And Pregnant On Teen Viewers Attitudes About Teen Pregnancy1624 Words   |  7 PagesTaking Sides: 16 and Pregnant Popular media submits many teens to sexual content and influences their views on subjects such as teenage pregnancy. The article Evaluating the Impact of MTV’s 16 and Pregnant on Teen Viewers’ Attitudes About Teen Pregnancy takes a closer look at the relationship between the viewers of the show and their attitudes towards teen pregnancy. Three major weaknesses found after the review of the study are listed as follows; The study has several confounding variables, the

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Skimming Of A Business Plan - 728 Words

The Skimming Three The Skimming Three The Skimming Three The Skimming Three simply requires flipping through the pages of the plan and looking at a few sections. These three of the Top Ten Fatal Flaws also land plans in the â€Å"reject† pile. 5. Poorly Written Plan 5. Poorly Written Plan This ranks up there with sloppy. When you submit a plan, it does not need to be textbook perfect English. Investors understand that business plans are not written by English professors. The sort of misspellings that should be caught in a spell check are unforgivable. It shows a tremendous lack of effort if a business plan isn’t even spell checked. Is the plan clearly written? When an investor reads a plan, is it clear enough to make sense quickly? Investors don’t want to de-code a business plan. They just want to read it. Poor grammar, poor word choice, wrong words, and too many proofreading errors make a business plan too much of a chore to get through. It gets the plan tossed into the â€Å"reject† pile quickly. 6. Too Much Detail 6. Too Much Detail This is a common sin of technology, medical and some product start-ups. If you have too much technical information or too much supporting material in the body of your plan, it bogs down the reader. Talk about what the Technology DOES for the user first, before going into details. Then go deeper into the technology or product only enough to let someone know what you’re doing, what problem you’re solving, and that your people can deliver. LeaveShow MoreRelatedCoca Cola Comprehensive Marketing Plan1134 Words   |  5 PagesRunning head: COCA-COLA COMPREHENSIVE MARKETING PLAN 1 COCA-COLA COMPREHENSIVE MARKETING PLAN 5 Coca-Cola Comprehensive Marketing Plan Hieu Le Columbia Southern University Coca-Cola Comprehensive Marketing Plan Product pricing is the primary justification for value from a customer?s perspective (Perreault, Cannon McCarthy, 2015). Majority times consumers lack a knowledge of the total cost of product that launching into the market. However, those customers may understandRead More Product Pricing Essay1501 Words   |  7 Pagesexpanded their sales niche to the toy department putting many specialty toy stores near or completely out of business. This paper will discuss how Wal-Mart priced their line of toys, why Wal-Mart used toys as â€Å"loss leaders† to attract customers, and two alternate methods of pricing marketers can use based on demand and reputation. Toy Pricing Pricing is an important aspect of every business. Chief Financial Officer’s (CFO) use pricing to create financial projections, establish a break-even point,Read MoreCredit Cards And Bank Accounts1430 Words   |  6 Pagesfraud and should be recognized as the most important advice to adhere to (Beesley, 2013, para. 5).Professionals recommend â€Å"separating your personal banking and credit cards from your business accounts – this will ensure fraudsters don’t get their hands on all your money. This will also make it easier to track your business expenses and report deductions on your tax return† (Beesley, 2013, para. 5). It is also recommended that credit cards are not shared with employees within the company. There are manyRead MoreA Brief Note On Fraud And Small Businesses1565 Words   |  7 Pageswould never occur within a company would be reckless. There are three key objectives when operating a business, whether large or small. These objectives inclu de prevention, detection, and response, and should be implemented into every companies operations. When exploring preventative techniques, there a seven recommendations made by professionals to reduce the most often seen attacks of small business fraud and cybercrime. Most importantly a company should protect their assets, specifically their creditRead MoreA Business Fraud And Cybercrime1511 Words   |  7 Pageswould never occur within a company would be reckless. There are three key objectives when operating a business, whether large or small. These objectives include prevention, detection, and response, and should be implemented into every company’s operations. When exploring preventative techniques, there are seven recommendations made by professionals to reduce the most often seen attacks of small business fraud and cybercrime. Most importantly a company should protect their assets, specifically theirRead MoreLDR/300 LT - W4 -Petco Marketing Plan Phase III1615 Words   |  7 Pages Petco Marketing Plan Phase III Team B MKT/421 July 24, 2013 Do. Smith â€Æ' Introduction Petco is in the process of developing a product that is about to be introduced into the market world for the aid of pet allergies. This product is called Sneeze-Free. Petco’s intention for this product is for the potential to improve the lives of individuals who have allergies to pets. Sneeze-Free can also make it possible for individuals who cannot own or be around pets because of allergies, haveRead MoreFairchild Water Technologies1516 Words   |  7 PagesFairchild should aggressively enter the Indian market since there is a high likelihood that Fairchild could become the market leader in home water purifiers. Specifically, I would recommend that Fairchild enter the market under a joint venture using a skimming pricing strategy. Ultimately, this strategy should maximize profits and minimize the risks of entering the market of a developing nation. I will first outline why such a strategy is possible and then summarize the advantages (and disadvantages) ofRead MoreEssay Marketing Pricing Strategy1571 Words   |  7 Pages Today’s highly competitive business world forces companies to create different tactics and relatively rely on multiple pricing strategies to conduct business. As is known, pricing is one of the most important steps for business plan which needs good research, calculations and formulations. There are different pricing strategies to put into effect due to the market and product conditions, such as premium pricing, penetration pricing, economy pricing, price skimming(Voice Marketing, 2012). TheseRead MoreBusiness Studies Assessment Task : Qantas1654 Words   |  7 PagesBUSINESS STUDIES ASSESSMENT TASK 3 Introduction Marketing strategies are an extremely important factor in determining the overall success of large global businesses (LGB). Marketing strategies are plans of action intended to promote and sell goods or services. There are a number of marketing strategies available, however, this report focuses specifically on pricing, promotion and global marketing. These determine how a business sells its goods and services, subsequently affecting market share,Read MoreMarketing strategy1487 Words   |  6 Pageshidden costs. At some point, with declining sales and rising costs, a harvesting strategy becomes unprofitable and a divesting strategy necessary (49). Early marketing strategy concepts were: Borden’s â€Å"marketing mix† In his classic Harvard Business Review (HBR) article of the marketing mix, Borden (1964) credits James Culliton in 1948 with describing the marketing executive as a decider and a mixer of ingredients. This led Borden, in the early 1950s, to the insight that what this mixer

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

John Milton A Strong Advocate Of Political Liberty Essay

A strong advocate of political liberty, John Milton was a poet during the Renaissance (Puchner 2742). He was born on December 9, 1608 in London to a middle class family. His parents were John Milton, Sr., a professional composer, and his mother, Sara Jeffery. Milton had numerous siblings. He was only survived by three of them; however, some of them died at young ages. During Milton’s writing years, he wrote many pamphlets based on political, religious, populism, and educational topics. However, Milton’s main focus, though, was religious topics and the Bible which is evident through his well-known publication, Paradise Lost. John Milton’s career started with his education. Thomas Young, one of his tutors, inspired two of Milton’s letters (â€Å"John Milton†, Poetry Foundation). His other tutors included William Chapell and Nathaniel Tovey (â€Å"Life of John Milton†). In the 1620’s, he went to St. Paul’s school and once he reache d the age of sixteen, he started college at Christ’s College in Cambridge. While studying in Cambridge, he was aiming for a degree in ministry. However, this plan changed as his satisfaction with the Church of England went downhill. Milton decided to reside with his father where he continued his studies, but drifted along the lines of a more science, mathematics, and poetry based curriculum (Puchner 2742). One division of Milton’s life that is important to understand his title as a poet is his travels around the continent. In the 1630’s, he took a trip toShow MoreRelatedThe Legacy Of John Adams1444 Words   |  6 PagesParagraph 1: John Adams was born on October 30, 1735 and died July 4, 1826. He was an early advocate of American independence from Great Britain, a major figure in the Continental Congress author of the Massachusetts constitution, signer of the Treaty of Paris, first American ambassador to the Court of St. James, first vice president, and second president of the United States. Although Adams was looked as one of the most significant statesmen of the revolutionary era, his reputation faded in theRead MoreCapitalism And Capitalism1896 Words   |  8 Pagesof his book Capitalism and Freedom, Nobel Prize-winning economist Milton Friedman discusses several ideas such as the intimate and â€Å"by no means unilateral† correlation between politics and economics, the inefficiency of collectivism and central planning, and the essential role of economic freedom and capitalism in achieving political freedom (8). What all these ideas have in common, though, is that economic freedom precedes political freedom and, as a result, the latter depends on the implementationRead MoreEssay on The Civil Rights Movement4776 Words   |  20 Pagessuch as Martin Luther King Jr., gathered large numbers of supporters during speeches, encouraging active participation in protests for the social, economical, and political equality for blacks. The reason the battle for civil rights picked up so much support was because the 1960s saw America’s strongest period of liberalism. This strong liberalism greatly helped the African American cause. However, the biggest factor in this great social change was the influence of black civil rights leaders suchRead MoreRp-Us Visiting Forces Agreement12890 Words   |  52 PagesHistorically, the United States under international and domestic pressure, granted the Philippines its independence in 1946 with the Tydings-McDuffie Act. However this was not until after the US had effectively constructed the liberal-democratic political foundation, the public educational system, and the socioeconomic infrastructure of the country. With this in effect, in addition to its past relationship with the United States as a colony, the Philippine government to this day remains one of theRead MoreLangston Hughes Research Paper25309 Words   |  102 Pagesher as a slave. Her first husband, Lewis Leary, was killed in 1859 at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, during John Browns raid on the federal arsenal. Throughout Mary Langstons life, she treasured Lewiss bullet-riddled shawl, an emblem of his martyrdom. She often covered young Langston with it as he slept on her daybed. Mary Langstons first husband, Lewis Leary, had participated in John Browns raid against the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry. (Library of Congress) In 1869, Grandmother MaryRead MoreLgbt19540 Words   |  79 Pagesorder of the letters has not been standardized; in addition to the variations between the positions of the initial L or G, the mentioned, less common letters, if used, may appear in almost any order.[24] Variant terms do not typically represent political differences within the community, but arise simply from the preferences of individuals and groups.[37] The terms pansexual, omnisexual, fluid and queer-identifiedare regarded as falling under the umbrella term bisexual and therefore the bisexualRead MoreGp Essay Mainpoints24643 Words   |  99 Pagesb. Charities as businesses 12. Democracy a. Good vs. Bad 13. Social Issues (only stats provided) a. Gender b. Family c. Equality 14. Governance a. World Governance 15. Others a. Cooperation b. Education c. Crime d. Liberty or Security e. Consumerism 1. Media 1a. New vs. Traditional GENERAL Intro: †¢ The first quarter of 2043 will be when the last newspapers land on front process all over America. This is the prediction the author of ‘The Vanishing Newspaper’Read MoreFrancis Bacon15624 Words   |  63 Pagesfame and opinion; secrecy in habits; dissimulation in seasonal use; and power to feign, if there be no remedy.† Bacon’s morality has also been described as a cynical kind of wisdom. This impression is confirmed by even those essays which deal with strong private relations between men. â€Å"Of Friendship†, â€Å"Of Parents and Children†, â€Å"Of Marriage and Single life† and â€Å"Of Love†, all depict a certain kind of utilitarianism and worldly benefit. Here Bacon expresses a definite failure of emotions, for he takesRead MoreEssay about Summary of History of Graphic Design by Meggs14945 Words   |  60 Pagesand its alphabet became influential throughout the whole world. - The Latin alphabet came to the Romans from Greece by way of the ancient Etruscans. - The letters Y and Z come from the Greek alphabet. - Roman brush writers wrote notices and political campaigns on walls. - Around 190 BC, parchment paper, made from the skins of domestic animals, came in to use. - Vellum, the smoothest form of parchment, is made from the skin of newborn calves (LOL). - The codex replaced the scroll, as it consistedRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 PagesHistory and September 11th John McMillian and Paul Buhle, eds., The New Left Revisited David M. Scobey, Empire City: The Making and Meaning of the New York City Landscape Gerda Lerner, Fireweed: A Political Autobiography Allida M. Black, ed., Modern American Queer History Eric Sandweiss, St. Louis: The Evolution of an American Urban Landscape Sam Wineburg, Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts: Charting the Future of Teaching the Past Sharon Hartman Strom, Political Woman: Florence Luscomb

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Vegetarianism and the Other Weight Problem free essay sample

The first argument is one appealing to the interests that humans have in conserving food resources.He starts out by giving figures to illustrate the American overabundance of food as many American households are throwing out garbage about ten percent of the food they buy every day. As he states, it is immoral to buy and waste food; it is practical and reasonable for us to shop more carefully, buy somewhat less, not waste the food surplus and give extra money to buy food for starving people in order to help relieve famine. Rachels admits that shipments of food alone will not solve the problems of famine; however, there is no conclusive evidence that the situation is hopeless.In fact, there have been positive improvements in certain countries. He believes that combining short-term famine relief efforts and long-range population control programs can considerably reduce the tragedy of starvation. Another matter that he discusses is the inefficiency of the grain growing process as a large percentage of grain produced in the United States is fed to animals raised for slaughter. We will write a custom essay sample on Vegetarianism and the Other Weight Problem or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page If this massive quantity of grain currently fed to livestock were consumed directly by people, a great number of people could be fed.We are indeed wasting a great deal of grain in this manner; instead we can totally eat portion of the grain and use the rest to relieve hunger His second argument is appealing directly to the interests of the animals themselves. Cruelty to animals must be opposed because it directly makes animals suffer and has ancillary effects on humans. As a part the meat production process, immoral practices of cruelty are adopted because of their efficiency and low cost. The suffering of animals who are raised and laughtered for food is not justified, since it is not necessary for us to eat animals to get the nutrition we need. We treat animals cruelly simply just to serve our trivial enjoyment of taste. In addition, Rachels asserts that it is impossible to treat the animals decently yet still produce a sufficient amount of meat. According to him, the humane production of millions of pounds of meat would be so costly that it would force most of us to become vegetarians, as most of us would not have the resources to be able to afford much meat.In response to the question that: â€Å"if meat could be produced humanely, without mistreating the animals prior to eating them painlessly, would there be anything wrong with it ? † (Rachels 372), he argues that human being the subjects of biographical and not merely biological lives is what qualifies humans for rights; however, the animals with which we are most familiar are subjects of biographical lives and if we have the right to life on the basis of having a life, then those animals have rights to life as well. Thus, even if the farming practices are completely humane, killing the animals is still immoral.There are millions of vegetarians already, there is already less cruelty than there would be otherwise, so little effect does not equate none. He uses the analogy of slavery to retort to the objection as knowing that one have little effect on slave trade if one does not own slave would not mitigate the moral culpability for owning slave. Like owning slaves, if the cruelty of factory farming is immoral, it is â€Å"his duty, at least, to wash his hands of it, and if he gives it no thought longer, not to give it practically his support†.Therefore, we ought to be vegetarian All in all, through these two arguments, James Rachels discusses the immorality of meat eating due to the valuable protein it wastes, along with the enormous suffering it causes to animals and he argues for a moral duty to be vegetarian. Rachels, James. Vegetarianism and the Other Weight Problem. 367-73. Print.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Violence In Sports Essays (2386 words) - Sports Business

Violence In Sports VIOLENCE IN SPORTS Steeler running back Rocky Bleier, whose war time experiences, not so oddly, offer some insights. To Bleier, there are interesting parallels between survival in war and survival in the NFL. ?The experiences with war injuries and football injuries are quite the same,' he said.? (Casay) The injuries that are accumulated during sports are rapidly increasing to the point that there are injured players on every team in each game that is played. This is especially true in the most physical professional sports, i.e., NFL and the NHL. Most of these injuries are directly related to the increasing violent nature of pro athletes. ?`The cost of the aggression -- the punishment -- has to be greater than the benefits,' said Dr. Brenda Bredemeier, sports psychology consultant at the University of California-Berkley. The latest outbreak of violence occurred in Bredemeier's back yard, Oakland, where (Latrell) Sprewell attacked Coach P.J. Carlesimo during practice and, according to published reports, threatened to kill him if he wasn't traded.?(Detroit Press) Pro athletes are committing criminal acts and the law for the most part is letting them get away with crimes. Another case of violence by a pro athlete happened recently. Ray Lewis was initially charged with murder along with two of his friends for an altercation that happened in Atlanta after the Superbowl on January 31, 2000. The three men got into a fight with two other men and killed them. ?Lewis pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice and Superior Court Judge Alice D. Bonner sentenced Lewis to 12 months' probation, the maximum sentence for a first-time of fender.?(CNNSI) This case made me think to myself, ?Would a man facing murder charges with two of his friends be able to walk a free man with no jail time at all and still be accepted by society Pro athletes receive star status by the public and the media, encouraging law enforcement officials to look the other way whenever they break the law. Our judicial system in turn hands out less severe penalties for criminal offences committed by pro athletes than the average criminal offender. Violence in professional sports is seen in the actions of one player against another, but is now rapidly increasing outside of the games to where the players are now being deemed as criminals as well as athletes and tarnishes their image as role models to kids. Athletes in pro sports are paid outrageous amounts to play, which gives them more incentive to be violent. Some argue that the athletes deserve these wages. These enormous amounts of money that pro athletes are making are ridiculous. ?The average earned income in major league baseball is over $800,000 a season?(Fizel, 83), and some of these players just sit the bench all year. These high salaries are beneficial in making the athletes more violent. How is it fair that a man that can hit a ball four hundred feet to send a baseball out of the park make $30 million a season? Barry Bonds is truly a great athlete, but to be paid that much he should be able to hit home runs with his eyes closed. Michael Jordan is the greatest man to ever walk across the hard wood floors of professional basketball, but to be paid $63 million in one season is almost sickening. Football players aren't any better but are a little different when it comes to why they are paid so much. They have a lot more at stake when they go out on to the field to do battle. They have to consider the possibility of getting injured at any time because of the violent nature of the sport. They are paid to be big, mean, fast, and ruthless out on the field against men just as big and ruthless as themselves. Kevin Green, a defensive linebacker said ? It is true that we are getting paid outrageous amount for what we do out on the turf, but we are the most likely to get hurt in all professional sports. We want to make sure we get what we need before we get out of the league.?(O'Hara, 12) That is the typical mindset of pro football players. The signification of

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

GCC International Relations

GCC International Relations Introduction Theoretical view represents a set of thinking focused towards scientific or scholarly inquiry widely recognized and accepted within particular discipline. Therefore, global politics can well be analyzed through the study of theories in international relations. Study based on international domain can be understood through underlying principles of realist, liberal as well as radical traditions.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on GCC International Relations specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Realism and liberalism present some of the most dominant theories in International Relations. Classical thinking usually focuses on the positive outcome on such prospects of peace, cooperation as well as human progression. On the contrary, idealism focuses on prospects surrounding human nature as well as possibilities (Sasley, 2011). Dominant theoretical frameworks within International Relations Realism is one of the dominan t theoretical frameworks that focuses on the existing propensity applicable in resolving conflict between states. The theory was discovered to be dominant theoretical tradition during the Cold War (Sasley, 2011). The theory largely exposes international affairs as self-seeking struggle for power amongst states and is known to generally focus on the positive prospects which can be utilized in the process of eliminating conflict and major squabbles (Sasley, 2011). The theory is outlined by powerful principles and explanations for various domains within international relations such as war and imperialism amongst other international phenomena. Classical realists believed in the fact that states had the domineering character comparable to that of human beings. Such innate desire makes some states to consider themselves superior based on resources as well as political affiliations. This contributes to wars amongst nations since classical virtues and balance-of-power system seemed difficul t to adopt in some nations. However, the neorealist theory focused majorly on consequences of international system rather than human nature (Sasley, 2011). Liberalism encompassed several liberal thought which argued based on principles of economic interdependence. This was viewed as major channel which would be utilized to discourage states from applying forceful actions against each other. On the other hand, democracy was one of the key determinants of world peace based on the comparison on affairs between democratic and authoritarian states. Selfish behaviors emanating from states could easily be dealt with through International agencies; this is since various states are made to forego immediate gains for long-term benefits based on lasting cooperation. Liberal theories focused on the fact that cooperation was more pervasive compared to defensive principles of realism (Sasley, 2011).Advertising Looking for essay on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first p aper with 15% OFF Learn More The issue on international security amongst GCC member states needs to consider various approaches capable of providing lasting peaceful co-existence. Economic empowerment emerged as one of the reliable approaches which could be utilized to ensure stability within countries in accordance to Liberalism approach (Abdulla, 1994). Future economic growth within the GCC member states should be used as center stage for peaceful coexistence. There is a need for GCC member states to encourage adoption of holistic approach towards solution of various internal conflicts. Economic levels within the region have been largely affected by lack of accommodative agreements since each state seems to be independent. The current economic status of the GCC countries calls for policymakers and business leaders to generate ideas capable of withstanding the volatile situation surrounding the region. There is a need of adopting principles of economic interdependen ce for the purposes of providing the region with required policies, knowledge, skills as well as capabilities of trading favorable within the global market. There are several government intervention programs which the policymakers should adopt for the purposes of attaining intended results. Such measures include reinforcement of strategies capable of combating problems within regional workforce, upgrading existing relationships between governments and external agencies. Such measures enable development of important institutions capable of bridging existing gaps between GCC states (Shimko, 2009). For the purposes of dealing with conflicts within the region, GCC governments and policymakers should adopt and implement comprehensive democratic programs capable of providing quality research and evaluation programs capable of developing of professional skills within the region. This can be made possible through organization of seminars and workshops aimed at developing comprehensive GCC d iplomatic intelligence. There is a need for comprehensive establishment of relationships with foreign agencies with the ability of upgrading quality of education system by incorporating cost-effective measures. The nature of regions resources, basically oil resources, contributes towards the region’s crucial economic as well as social changes. These could be clearly seen during the economic boom of between 1970s and early 1980s. And, at the same time, economic recession of late 1980s and 1990s. The sharp increase in the global oil prices in the early 1980s made these countries to recycle windfall oil gains through the lenient welfare system characterized by generosity, and tremendous public investment which focused on infrastructure, utilities as well as basic industries.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on GCC International Relations specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In order to cope with these policies, the GCC governments performed the role of first employment resort which consequently led to overcrowding within the public sector as well as increased government expenditures on salary issues. The move made the GCC governments to encourage citizens to join the public service sectors of government through giving them attractive pension as well as social allowances for their respective families. The social contract structures led to convergence of more than 85% of the native workers within the public employment hence resulting into underemployment. The issue on social contract and its benefits created a society largely influenced by leisure patterns hence increase on the returns towards leisure since people worked less hours but spent much time on vacations. This made the GCC countries pursue open border policies which welcomed foreign workers; this ensured sufficient supply of labor at competitive wages at all skill levels. However, wages earned by the natives were higher than those of forei gn workers at comparable skills. The countries of the GCC faced unique challenges originating from the fact that the oil resource that they largely depended upon was exhaustible, volatile and at the same time uncertain. The negative effects on the oil market and the economic catastrophe of the 1990s as well as regional conflicts reduced the rate of growth to a large extent within the GCC countries creating strain within the labour markets. These effects led to budget deficits within the GCC countries leading to retrench of several social programs which ultimately created large loopholes within the employment sector since the governments were later unable to provide sufficient employment opportunities to the public (International Monetary Fund, 2001). The issue of unemployment can as well be dealt with through collaboration between governments, business and industry. Focus and development of people’s skills and talents makes companies benefit much. Public and private companies should invest much of their resources in developing skills since the ultimate result is endless dividends. There is an opportunity for policy makers to utilize the presence of expatriates by utilizing their skills in teaching various industries such as carpentry, building and construction. The tradesmen can be utilized to superbly mentor many national apprentices.Advertising Looking for essay on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The governments can utilize policies which encourages hiring of skilled foreign craftsmen capable of teaching the same skills to the unemployed. Companies dealing with such programs can coordinate well with the government by exchanging their employees with government financial compensation. GCC member states should treat training as an investment; they should design programs capable of increasing students’ chances to employment in the corporate world by aligning the nature of the courses with industry standards. Similar program yielded results in the countries India and Singapore where they utilized Infosys program to connect campus students with industries in the marketplace. Such programs play important role in developing GCC human capital since it helps in decreasing the level of skill gap and increase the level of youth’s participation within the marketplace. Major security threats facing GCC states One of the security threats facing GCC countries is the intensifyi ng nature of Iran’s nuclear project. Such security dilemmas focuse on some of the crucial aspects found within international politics. There exists what is referred to as classical security dilemma where allocation of resources by governments to programs focused on security issues is never mandatory. On the same note, the other security dilemma is referred to as alliance dilemma where management of relations amongst state allies and adversaries are done simultaneously. At the same time, majority of the regimes within Persian Gulf indulges in trade-off as a result of over-reliance on protection and policies from foreign countries. Additionally, there is a profound dilemma amongst Gulf States when it comes to making choices between creating strategic partnerships with foreign agencies and at the same time protecting the region from global rivalries and disputes. The GCC states are known to be hesitant especially when it comes to creation and implementation of security-based pro grams. This has made GCC countries be more independent hence focusing on personal interests. There is no major overarching authority capable of providing regional security for the member states. Such scenario creates moments of discomfort within other states especially in the event that one state carries out security-producing programs for the purposes of safeguarding self-interests. This is since other states might interpret such actions as acts of hostility and grievous threat to regional peace. Actions taken by some states in arming themselves against weak neighbors stage a threat to peaceful intentions from willing states, hence provoking adoption of risky measures for protection purposes. For instance, improvement in Saudi Arabia’s military capabilities after the Gulf war prompted other neighboring states to upgrade their armament capabilities. Notably, the rise in armory upgrade within Persian Gulf states especially presence of weapons less useful for territorial defens e has created unnecessary tension making GCC regional security more dangerous (Lawson, 2004). Concerning alliance dilemma approach towards adversaries varies between moderate and inordinate belligerence and conciliation analysis methods. Acts of moderate hostility towards adversary member states may at times ignite allies to focus in the process of undertaking adventurous initiatives capable of polarizing the whole region. Allies within the region are always more attentive towards hostility from adversaries. However, considerate actions towards adversaries at times lead towards preemptive realignment. The other dilemma concerns balancing stability between external and internal defense (Lawson, 2004). Factors influencing security in GCC states Some of the major factors influencing security in GCC states include economic status as well as nature of relationship existing amongst the member states, i.e. influence from Iran and Iraq states. GCC appears to be a comprehensive group owing t o their close ties to western countries. There is significant degree of mistrust existing between GCC member states and their counterparts Iran and Iraq. This is based on similar political, economic as well as social systems. Regional turmoil experienced in the Iranian Revolution as well as Iraq-Iran war made security to be one of the most prioritized factors within the GCC region. However, despite the Arab Gulf states coming together within the framework of multicultural organization, two main antagonists within the region, Iran and Iraq, were left out of the arrangement. This clearly depicts Iran and Iraq, as likely influence on the security deterioration within the region (Lawson, 2004). Government Interventions in GCC member states The GCC member states should involve themselves in signing agreements capable of providing necessary peaceful relations amongst the member countries. The agreements should incorporate adequate understanding and being considerate of GCC all states irre spective of their military or resource prowess. There should also be elaborate consideration on foreign individuals and countries capable of granting them right to foreign establishments including freedom of movement and investment within the region. Majority of restrictive rules various states within GCC applied during earlier regimes should be abolished; these include laws on military restrictions and those based on trade such as discriminatory taxes, restrictions on application and utilization of local commercial inputs and licensing schemes. In dealing with classical security dilemma, there should be elaborate plans by member countries on ways of improving the level of understanding based on technology and adequate management of available resources. This would assist in enhancing the level of resource allocation within various government sectors. At the same time, it is necessary for governments to retain capital and improve the level of competition since this would assist in bu ilding local investment plans (Dadush and Falcao, 2011). In dealing with alliance dilemma, GCC member states should focus on provision of multilateral service liberization. Member countries should enact regulatory changes favorable to all countries both allies and adversaries. These may include privatization based on acceptable policies and agreements devoid of rigid schemes hence capable of incorporating various government intervention measures towards peaceful coexistence (Almezaini, 2011). The region is recognized as rich in oil and other minerals hence for the sake of upgrading economic standards of member states, various governments should utilize the non-oil sector for the purposes stabilizing resource outflow from various economic sectors. GCC member states should, at the same time, organize workable policies capable of handling issues within public sector since this helps in improving region’s image and at the same time encourage nationals to invest in skills capable of creating impact within the region. In addition to this, the governments should ensure necessary measures capable of separating internal and external policies capable of ensuring social benefits within the public sector hence making all states beneficiaries of intended policies. The other sensitive issue is the establishment of clear set of rules dealing with duties, fines and penalties which actually reinforces overall cooperation policies amongst GCC states. References Abdulla, A. (1994). The Gulf Cooperation Council, Journal of Social affairs, 9(35) Almezaini, K. (2011). The UAE Foreign Policy, Middle East International, 5(44), 1-133 Dadush, U., Falcao, L. (2009). Regional Arrangements in the Arabian Gulf.  Deloitte Middle East, Carnegie Policy Outlook, 1, 4-12 International Monetary Fund. (2001).The Cooperation Council of the Arab States of  The Gulf (GCC): Strategy for Sustainable Growth with Macroeconomic Stability. IMF Washington DC. Lawson, F. (2004. Security Dilemmas in the contemporary Persian Gulf, Middle East  International, 2(32). Sasley, B. (2011). International Relations through IR Theory, OrtadoÄŸu Età ¼tleri, 2(2), 9 32. Shimko, K. (2009). International Relations Perspectives, Controversies and Readings, Purdue University: Wordsworth Cengage Learning

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Ethcial Issues in the Financial services Industry Term Paper

Ethcial Issues in the Financial services Industry - Term Paper Example It is considered that general people tend to consider the field of financial services as more unethical as compared to other areas of business. This is considered as such mostly because of the fact that the industry is considered to be quite large. 2 Ethical issues are considered to have a huge importance in the industry of financial services because numerous people are considered to be consumers of such services. General people tend to consider this field as more unethical as compared to other areas of business. This is mostly because of the fact that the industry is considered to be quite large. It comprises mortgage lenders, pension funds, investment banks, mutual fund organizations, insurance organizations, securities firms, and banks. The industry is considered to make lot of headlines which tout for its ethical lapses due to its vast size. Intermediaries that operate in the field of financial services must follow standards of the industry, rules of law, and act in an ethical manner. The organizations operating in the financial services industry conduct numerous meetings with regard to marketing of financial services, investment analysis, technology training, and new product training but there is very less importance placed with regard to ethical training. The thinking of organizations must be changed in this regard such that ethical training forms part of conferences in financial service organizations and should have a significant number of attendances. The financial services industry is considered to provide essential services which can be considered as fundamental to modern society and economy. It provides services such as safeguarding money of the general public and providing them with domestic lending services. In this regard, it can be said that considering the vital role that financial service organizations play, it is logical to